A financial investment sounds like an adult step in your life, now that you’ve reached a certain stage of stable income. Millennials all over the world find it hard to save, while in India, we find it hard to spend. You’re probably familiar with the words ‘Saving at an early age is good for your finances beta’, because the habit of saving and investments have been deeply ingrained into our culture.
The question however, that arises here is, ‘Where do I invest these savings?’ While you begin thinking about your financial investment decisions, make sure you don’t invest all your eggs in one basket. They need to be spread out across baskets made of iron, cane, gold and even cement for optimal return on investments.
Charting a financial investment plan is easy but sticking to it is where the game changes. This is where you account for every penny that you spend, so that its on the right track towards giving you a prosperous future.
Equity / Stocks
Stocks aren’t for the risk takers we agree, but what if we asked you to skip spending on a T-shirt that costs Rs 300 (with no returns) and invest in a stock worth that amount? When you watch that stock double in a few months, you’ll thank us! You can take baby steps with SIPs and Mutual funds for starters and then take the big risky moves once you’re confident enough.
Before you make your financial investment in the stock market, you must know that you won’t see your money double instantly. The path to long-term wealth creation is building a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds and a variety of other assets.
Bonds or fixed income investments are basically loans from an investor to a company or government. Bond investors receive periodic payments based on the interest rate at which the bond is sold. A bond is usually tied to a coupon or interest rate that is known at the time of buying and this is where you identify your profit in the long run.
All bonds offered to the public have to be listed on a stock exchange and you can sell them on the stock markets if you need funds before maturity. You make a long-term capital gain (LTCG) if you hold the bonds for at least one year before sale and you also score the benefits of indexation while calculating the LTCG tax!
Fixed Deposits & Recurring Deposits
One of the safest financial investment strategies would include multiple fixed deposits od FDs with different tenures. Fixed deposits are a form of investment where you invest a fixed amount of money for a period at a predetermined interest rate. Your money here is safe and returns are guaranteed with high interest rates, but the only drawback is the inability to withdraw this money before its maturity as compared to other investment instruments.
Recurring deposits on the other hand serve your short-term investment goals where you invest a certain amount of money for a fixed tenure. Interest rates for this kind of a deposit are predetermined and based on the amount and tenure, but the catch here is that you cannot change the monthly deposit amount, nor can you withdraw any part of the investment until the tenure is over.
Gold is one of the best financial investment tools that will always come in handy. As Indians we cherish the idea of stocking gold because we already know its financial value in times of emergencies. You can buy physical gold in the form of jewellery, coins, gold bars and also own paper gold by using gold exchange traded funds and sovereign gold bonds. There are also gold mutual fund options today that gives you added flexibility towards owning the asset. So the next time you receive gold as a present, preserve it in your locker.
Real Estate / A House
Real Estate is the only commodity in the world that will never depreciate in terms of its value. Investing in a house will give you returns in the from of appreciation (Increase in the housing value) and rent.
In 2017, the rental real estate market was pegged at one crore units and was valued at $22 billion (Rs 1.53 lakh crore). By 2023 its volume is expected to reach 1.8 crore with a valuation of $41 billion (Rs 2.85 lakh crore). Make sure you invest in a locality that is upcoming or in high demand to reap maximum benefits.
While you think about this decision, you’ll have one aching question ‘But What About Down Payment?’ Let our home down payment program take care of that!
With that being said, we’ve come up with a hypothetical situation to give you an idea about your financial investment roadmap:
Name: Rahul Kapoor
Salary: Rs 40,000 PM
Savings: Rs 1,20,000
Wishes to buy a home in 5-6 years
Rahul should begin by investing 50 percent of his income in Mutual Funds. He must ideally invest Rs 12,500 in ELSS funds and Rs 7,500 in non-ELSS funds for five years via SIP, so that he gets a good base amount to purchase his new property. He can invest his savings in Corporate Fixed Deposit with yearly cumulative interest.
SIP investment – Rs 20,000/month
Expected rate of interest – 14 percent
Investment duration – 5 years
Post 5 years, the invested Rs 12 lakhs along with SIP investment’s future value will give him a total of Rs 17.24 lakhs. He now has close to Rs 18.5 lakhs as down payment which can be utilised if the home, he is buying is under Rs 80 lakhs.
Using his own savings, a bit of a contribution from HomeCapital and a home loan on his current salary, Rahul can now own a home in 5 years.